Content Collection: Teaching and Learning
A large part of how language revitalization does its work takes place through teaching and learning. The natural way for this to happen is by children learning a language naturally in the context of day to day activities that parents, grandparents, siblings, and friends envelop in language in the presence of children. In these contexts, children hear the language everywhere, learn naturally to comprehend it, and are expected to become proficient in it to participate in those contexts themselves.
Within the special context of language revitalization, where the language has declined in use across the generations, adults and school-age children may have to rely on other ways of learning. Very often these involve some kind of teacher-student pairings. There are lots of ways in which these teacher-student interactions can be worked out, but as a rule any way proposed will involve putting together some plan for how to do it. These plans involve curriculum and lessons plans, and often the use of written and multimedia materials.Teaching and learning key terms
A curriculum is a strategy detailing how the teaching and learning takes place. It lays out goals, objectives, resources, lesson sequencing, timings, assessment, and evaluation parts. Lessons are more focused on the details of how some learning objective is going to be met — the particular language structures and vocabulary that learners are asked to focus on and the associated cultural beliefs and practices associated with the language objectives.
Another aspect of teaching and learning concerns how to educate language teachers. This is an area of practice that is given a lot of attention, particularly among those larger tribal communities that have some control over their local or private educational systems. Again, the means for preparing language teachers involves curriculum and lesson planning, although these are more focused on developing strategies and learning best practices for teaching. It’s important to point out that the strategies can differ tremendously depending on whether the teaching is aimed at adults or children.